FE630 Portfolio Theory and Applications



Course Catalog Description

Introduction

This course is an introduction to quantitative portfolio theory, practice, optimization, and management. It addresses investor choice, market opportunities, and optimal portfolio selection. It examines security covariance and return models, performance analysis, and return attribution. It provides also an introduction to some basic methods for robust portfolio construction. The course will also include a computational component in which students will construct optimal portfolios, track their behavior, and analyze their performance.

Pre-requisite:

  • Background in Algebra, Optimization, Stochastic Calculus. Most of what we will need in Algebra and Optimization will be covered. It is assumed that you are comfortable with the material presented in FE 543 or FE610 (Stochastic Calculus for Financial Engineering) and FE620 (Pricing and Hedging).
  • Students must have some familiarity with Matlab and R, (and / or Python). These languages will be used extensively and interchangeably in the course.

  • Campus Fall Spring Summer
    On Campus X X
    Web Campus X X X

    Instructors

    Professor Email Office
    Papa Ndiaye
    Papa.Ndiaye@stevens.edu
    Yangyang Yu - Teaching Assistant
    yyu8@stevens.edu

    More Information

    Course Description

    This course will be taught in a hybrid manner including lectures and Socratic method discussions. Each week, there will be assigned readings. Students must do the read- ings before class. I will call on on-campus students frequently to explain concepts from the readings. Students’ answers will count toward their grade. Web-campus students who cannot attend classes in real-time will be given small written assign- ments in lieu of in-class answers. There will be also a number of quizzes that may be taken in class during lecture or remotely.


    Course Outcomes

    After successful completion of this course, students will be able to

    • Compute Absolute Risk Aversion (ARA), Certainty Equivalent of Risky (CER) of risky gamble and Risk-premiums;
    • Solve Optimal Decision Problems arising in Modern Portfolio Theory and im- plement the solution using a high level language such as R, Matlab or Python;
    • Design Markowitz efficient portfolios and use the One-fund Theorem and the Two-fund theorem to build efficient Portfolios with Target Return or Target Risk;
    • Use CAPM, APT and Factor Model to compute security Expected Returns and Risk and Covariance;
    • Apply Markowitz Allocation to design, implement and backtest Optimal Port- folios using historical price time series, analyze the sensitivity to various inputs, and manage Fixed Income portfolios.

    Course Resources

    Textbook

    The following books are recommended, but not required:

    • Francis and Kim, Modern Portfolio Theory, Wiley, 2013. ISBN: 111837052X.
    • Grinold and Kahn, Active Portfolio Management, 2e, McGraw Hill, 1999. ISBN:0070248826.
    • Hubert, Essential mathematics for Market Risk Management, 2e, Wiley, 2012. ISBN 9781119979524
    • Prigent, Portfolio Optimization and Performance Analysis, Chapman & Hall/CRC Financial Mathematics Series, , ISBN 1-58488-578-5
    • Other Readings: Journal Papers or any material of interest, as needed.

    Grading

    Grading Policies

    Grades will be based on a combination of quizzes, exams, homework, a project, attendance, and participation.

    1. Quizzes:There will be between four to five short multiple choice quizzes (10 to 15 minutes) to test the depth of understanding of the concepts and the reading assignments.
    2. Exams: There will be a mid-term individual project and final project (indi- vidual or group project).
    3. Homework: There will be four to six homework assignments in which stu- dents will do theoretical analysis and write programs for portfolio management in both Matlab, R or Python. Homework will be submitted via Canvas and will consist in a PDF file and computer code. There will be written homework assignments in which students will be tested on both the theory and the ap- plication and will have to write programs for portfolio management in both Matlab, R or Python.
    4. Project: There will be 2 projects. An individual midterm project and a group final project. The final project has extensive requirements in coding, portfolio reporting and writing of the final report. A special introduction to the detailed requirements and grading of the final project will be held in class (project components, e.g. project plan, drafts, group work, individual contribution, final presentation).
    5. Attendance and Participation: Attendance is mandatory. The class will be interactive. Students are required to participate and answer questions on the reading assignments.

    Weights: The final weighting will be approximately:

    Quizzes (5%)

    Homeworks (20%)

    Midterm (25%)

    Final Exam or Project (35%)

    FAttendance and Participation (5%)


    Lecture Outline

    Topic Reading
    Weeks 1 & 2
    Orientation & One period Utility
    Course Introduction, Course Overview. Student Intro- duction and Initial Assessment. First Motivating Exam- ples. One-Period Utility Analysis. Absolute and Rela- tive Risk Aversion, Certainty Equivalent and Risk Pre- mium.
    Weeks 3 & 4
    Computational Tools, Algebra & Optimization Review
    Portfolio expected return and risk. Portfolio weights. Attainable regions of risk-return space. Risk reduction and diversification. Review of algebra for Portfolio and matrix calculus. Basics of nonlinear optimization and Convex Constrained Optimization. Equality and In- equality Constraints. KKT conditions and closed-form solution to Markowitz Allocation.
    Weeks 5, 6 & 7
    Mean-Variance Efficient Frontier CAPM, APT and Factor Models
    Mean-variance Frontier Portfolios. The Markowitz Effi- cient Frontiers with and without Risk-free security. One and two-fund theorems. Market Price of Risk and Secu- rity Market Line, CAPM, APT, Single index and Multi- Index models. Pricing and Arbitrage opportunities.
    Week 8 Mid-semester Review and Midterm Project.
    Week 9
    Sensitivity to Inputs & Robust Allocation
    Models of uncertainties of Expected Returns and Risk Matrices. Worst Case Optimization. Matrix Calibra- tion. Black-Litterman Allocation..
    Weeks 10 & 11
    Portfolio Characteristics Active and Bond Portfolios
    Portfolio Characteristics, Active Portfolios, Perfor- mance attribution. Asset Versus Risk Allocation. Ac- tive and Passive Bond portfolio management. Portfolio construction to mitigate interest rate risk sensitivity.
    Week 12
    Overture to Dynamic Allocation
    Dynamic Portfolio Allocation & Risk Sensitive Asset Al- location
    Week 13 & 14
    Finals
    Final review, Course evaluation and presentation of Fi- nal Projects